The sun’s effects on our skin can range from some seemingly innocent freckles and a healthy glow to blisters and pain. It can be difficult to know when to let it go and when to freak out. Although all exposure to the sun is damaging and can cause skin cancer later in life, there are some warning signs to look out for when you get sunburn.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, sunburn sufferers should call a general physician whenever sunburn is accompanied by a fever or by some of the following symptoms: dizziness, extreme thirst, lack of urine, rapid breathing, pale or clammy skin, nausea, chills, rash, sunken eyes, severe blisters and eyes’ sensitivity to light. These side effects actually indicate serious problems triggered by sunburn including shock, severe dehydration and heat exhaustion.
Avoiding extensive, damaging sun exposure is the best way to prevent dangerous sunburn, of course. Here are some tips for preventing sunburn courtesy of Web MD:
– Wear sunscreen, lip balm with SPF, sunglasses, hats and clothes to protect your skin. The National Library of Medicine recommends an SPF of at least 30 and notes that it should be labeled “broad spectrum.”
– Avoid the sun when it’s strongest — between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
– Check whether your medications cause skin sensitivity to the sun.
– Sit under a tree or umbrella to take a break from the sun.
– Don’t forget that the sun may be even stronger if it is reflecting off water or sand.
– And finally, the National Health Service reminds us that you can still get sunburn in cloudy or cold weather, so don’t think you’re in the clear just because the sun isn’t shining.
We all need our vitamin D and days in the sun, but sunburn can be quite painful and damaging. Always take precautions so you don’t have to worry about these warning signs!